This report provides a brief introduction to “public international law”, which is the body of law that governs relationships between states, international organizations and, sometimes, individuals. The report describes treaties and other international agreements and provides information on additional research materials.
I recently read an article at SFGate.com commenting on the current “tech boom” in San Francisco. While the article includes some good advice for politicians about how to respond to this apparent good news, there were other interesting points that warrant discussion. First of all, the article cites several new factors that are advanced as reasons to think that things may have changed in the last decade. For example, an argument is made that “these are real companies . . . they have lots of customers and lots of profits”. Second, the business models supporting these companies seem to be based on the understanding that the volume of transactions is meaningless unless, at some point, those transactions turn and remain profitable. It is not clear, however, whether the current uptick in customer interest and/or revenues is sustainable and regulators, accountants and investors still seem to be struggling with how to identify profits and value the businesses. What is apparent though is that prospective customers have finally grown comfortable with new technology tools offered by these companies and are incorporating search, social, mobile and e-commerce into their lives at a rapidly increasing rate. What I’m still not sure about is how this will all shake out. It’s a fundamental change in the way a lot of folks are looking at their world and I don’t think anyone is sure how that will end up. Will everyone be doing their reading on a tablet or will they still crave a real book or newspaper? Will be people get fed up with having every keystroke they use to send out a message come back to bight them as an ad? We’ll see . . .
This report provides a brief overview of several key international organizations working on economic development issues.
Several scholars have argued that the rate of new venture formation and growth is directly influenced by the institutional environment, both formal and informal, in which the venture is operating. If this is true, it can be useful to compare the institutional environments of two or more countries and this report discusses various models of the institutional framework that influences business activities and some of the comparative studies that have been conducted using those models.
A fundamental question for management scholars, and many new managers, is “just what do managers do?” In an effort to organize research in this area scholars have developed various models for defining and analyzing the activities of managers and these models break down the managerial process into stages or functions such as planning, organizing, commanding, coordinating, controlling, reporting and budgeting. This report provides a brief introduction to the broad topic of modeling managerial activities.
Many of the important decisions during the employment relationship that raise legal issues, such as promotion, discipline and termination, turn on the results of a process commonly referred to as “performance evaluation” and it is important for companies to formalize and institutional their performance evaluation procedures. This report includes various tools for creating an effective and fair performance evaluation program including a sample of a performance improvement plan for an employee who might be struggling to achieve the goals and objectives set by the company.